After the extinction of wolves in Germany, the first wild pups were born in the Muskauer Heide in northeast Saxony in spring 2000. Their parents originated from neighbouring Poland. While the species established rather hesitantly in the following five years, there has been a continuous dispersal of wolves since 2006. By now, there are territorial wolves in almost all German federal states. Meanwhile, wolves are observed more frequently in our neighbouring countries, particularly in the Czech Republic, Denmark and Austria. In most cases, these wolves originate from the Central European Population, which is shared with Poland. Occasionally, wolves from the Alpine Population, mainly occurring in our southern neighbouring states, immigrate to Germany. Therefore, it becomes increasingly important to compile data on the distribution of wolves from the different federal states in Germany as well as data on emerging conflicts at a nationwide level.