Wolf management in Germany

The return of wolves to the cultural landscape in Germany is on the one hand a success story of species protection, on the other hand it also holds a number of challenges. According to nature conservation law, wolves are strictly protected animals both nationally and internationally. Conflicts arising from the return of wolves to Germany must be minimised, thus creating a low-conflict coexistence of wolf and man. This is the task of wolf management, which in Germany is the responsibility of the federal states.

Within the framework of wolf management, basic data on distribution and conflict areas must be collected and public relations work carried out. The aim is also to address the concerns and fears of the population and to dismantle unfounded prejudices on the basis of scientific findings. An important part of wolf management is also to organise the protection of livestock from wolf attacks. This succeeds through the support of the animal owners and the publication and application of proven herd protection methods. If farm animals are killed despite the efforts to protect them, one of the tasks of the wolf management is to investigate whether wolves are a possible cause and, if so, to arrange for the keeper to receive compensation for the damage. Another important pillar of wolf management is the monitoring of the wolf population - i.e. the monitoring of the occurrence with regard to its distribution, its dynamics and also its conservation status.